English for Music


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    adagio music a composition played in adagio tempo (slowly and gracefully); "they played the adagio too quickly
    arioso music a short recitative that is melodic but is not an aria
    crescendo music a gradual increase in loudness
    decrescendo, diminuendo music a gradual decrease in loudness
    dominant music the fifth note of the diatonic scale
    electric organ, electronic organ, Hammond organ, organ music an electronic simulation of a pipe organ
    flourish, fanfare, tucket music a short lively tune played on brass instruments; "he entered to a flourish of trumpets"; "her arrival was greeted with a rousing fanfare
    forte, fortissimo music with great loudness
    larghetto music a composition or passage played in a slow tempo slightly faster than largo but slower than adagio
    largo music a composition or passage that is to be performed in a slow and dignified manner
    ligature music a group of notes connected by a slur
    mediant music the third note of a diatonic scale; midway between the tonic and the dominant
    music music the sounds produced by singers or musical instruments (or reproductions of such sounds)
    piano, pianissimo music low loudness
    preparation music a note that produces a dissonant chord is first heard in a consonant chord; "the resolution of one dissonance is often the preparation for another disonance
    pyrotechnics music brilliance of display (as in the performance of music)
    recapitualtion music the repitition of themes introduced earlier (especially when you are composing the final part of a movement)
    register music the timbre that is characteristic of a certain range and manner of production of the human voice or of different pipe organ stops or of different musical instruments
    registration music the sound property resulting from a combination of organ stops used to perform a particular piece of music; the technique of selecting and adjusting organ stops
    release, tone ending music the act or manner of terminating a musical phrase or tone
    resolution music a dissonant chord is followed by a consonant chord
    roulade music an elaborate run of several notes sung to one syllable
    scale, musical scale music a series of notes differing in pitch according to a specific scheme (usually within an octave)
    segno music a notation written at the beginning or end of a passage that is to be repeated
    sforzando music a notation written above a note and indicating that it is to be played with a strong initial attack
    slur music a curved line spanning notes that are to be played legato
    sounding board, soundboard music resonator consisting of a thin board whose vibrations reinforce the sound of the instrument
    staff, stave music the system of five horizontal lines on which the musical notes are written
    statement music the presentation of a musical theme; "the initial statement of the sonata
    stop music a knob on an organ that is pulled to change the sound quality from the organ pipes; "the organist pulled out all the stops
    subdominant music the fourth note of the diatonic scale
    submediant music the sixth note of a major or minor scale (or the third below the tonic)
    subtonic, leading tone music the seventh note of the diatonic scale
    supertonic music the second note of a diatonic scale
    swoop, slide music rapid sliding up or down the musical scale; "the violinist was indulgent with his swoops and slides
    synthesizer, synthesiser music an electronic instrument (usually played with a keyboard) that generates and modifies sounds electronically and can imitate a variety of other musical instruments
    tempo, pacing music the speed at which a composition is to be played
    theme, melodic theme, musical theme, idea music melodic subject of a musical composition; "the theme is announced in the first measures"; "the accompanist picked up the idea and elaborated it
    tie music a slur over two notes of the same pitch; indicates that the note is to be sustained for their combined time value
    timbre, timber, quality, tone music the distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice or noise or musical sound); "the timbre of her soprano was rich and lovely"; "the muffled tones of the broken bell summoned them to meet
    tonic, keynote music the first note of a diatonic scale
    transposition music playing in a different key from the key intended; moving the pitch of a piece of music upwards or downwards
    tremolo music a tremulous effect produced by rapid repetition of a single tone or rapid alternation of two tones
    tuning music calibrating something (an instrument or electronic circuit) to a standard frequency
    unison music two or more sounds or tones at the same pitch or in octaves; "singing in unison
    value, time value, note value music the relative duration of a musical note
    vibrato music a pulsating effect in an instrumental or vocal tone produced by slight and rapid variations in pitch
    world premiere music the first public performance (as of a dramatic or musical work) anywhere in the world

    Short Quiz

    1 / 2

    Transformation involves similarity and differences in changes of mode, ______, or ornamentation and is concerned with the perception of motives or melodies that undergo internal change in important ways, including variation. 


    (Excerpt from: dos Santos, Regina Antunes Teixeira & dos Santos, Rafael Puchalski. (2021). Developing a Tool for Music Theory Placement: An Emphasis on Implicitly Learned Abilities. Journal of Research in Music Education, 69(1), 43-61.) 

    2 / 2

    That the low arousal BP subtype (LTLE) was not associated with significant changes in dynamics, ______, mode, or harmonic or metrical ambiguity, all of which may result in increases in arousal, is in line with the idea that some forms of beauty do not confront or challenge (Levinson, 2012). 


    (Excerpt from: Omigie, Diana, Frieler, Klaus, Bär, Christian, Muralikrishnan, R., Wald-Fuhrmann, Melanie & Fischinger, Timo. (2021). Experiencing Musical Beauty: Emotional Subtypes and Their Physiological and Musico-Acoustic Correlates. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts, 15(2), 197-215.) 

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